Twacha: Know all about your skin through the lens of Ayurveda

Twacha: Know all about your skin through the lens of Ayurveda

Twacha: Know all about your skin through the lens of Ayurveda


The skin is often viewed as a simple protective layer, but in reality, it's a complex organ that performs a range of crucial functions. From regulating body temperature to providing sensory input, our skin is essential to our daily lives.


Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine, offers unique insights into optimal skin health that go beyond conventional skincare practices. In Ayurveda, the skin is known as Twacha and is considered an organ of sense that carries the sensation of touch. 

In this blog, we will dive deeper into Ayurveda's understanding of Twacha and its seven layers. We will also explore how Ayurvedic practices can help us achieve optimal skin health.

Understanding the Seven Layers of Twacha


According to Ayurveda, the skin has seven layers, and each layer has a different function. Let's take a closer look at each layer.


  1. Avabhasini: This is the outermost and superficial layer of the skin. It is responsible for the color and complexion of the skin. It is also the seat of Siidhma (psoriasis), Padma kantaka (Pimples, acne), and other skin diseases.
  2. Lohita: This is the second layer of the skin, and it helps to support the outermost layer. It denotes Rakta Dhatu's qualities (blood). The impurities in the blood affect the outer layer and increase sensitivity to the sun. It is also the location of Tilakalaka or moles, dark circles, and black pigmentations.
  3. Shweta: This is the third layer of the skin. It provides balance to the skin color, lightening the darker colors of the inner layers. It is the seat for Charmadala (atopic dermatitis), Ajagallika (eruption or blisters), and Mashaka (moles).
  4. Tamra: This is the fourth layer of the skin. This layer nurtures the upper layers of the skin and supports the immune system. This is the layer that helps the skin perform its function of being a "barrier." Skin infections reflect an imbalance in this layer. It is copper-colored and is the seat for different types of skin disease, such as leprosy.
  5. Vedini: This fifth layer sensually links the skin to the rest of the body. It is the center for the transformation of sensation, such as the feeling of pain. It is the seat for Kushtha (Leprosy) and Visarpa (herpes).
  6. Rohini: It is the sixth layer from where the Romakupa (hair follicles) takes its origin. It supports healing and regeneration of the skin. A balanced diet, rich in nutritional value, supports the Rohini layer. It is the seat for Granthi (cysts), Apache (lymphadenopathy), Arbuda (tumors), Shlipada (elephantiasis), and Galaganda (goiter).
  7. Mamsadhara: It is the seventh and innermost layer in relation/close contact with Mamsa (muscles). It is the platform for the skin's stability and firmness. When this layer is in balance, the skin looks young and supple. It is the seat for Bhagandar (fistulas), Vidradhi (abscess), and Arsha (hemorrhoids).

The Role of Doshas in Skin Health


Ayurveda believes that there are three doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Each of these doshas has a unique effect on the skin.

Vata Dosha:

According to Ayurveda, the skin is related to the wind element (Vata Dosha). Itis responsible for the mobility and movement in the body. When Vata dosha is in balance, the skin is soft, supple, and glowing. However, when Vata dosha is imbalanced, it can lead to dryness, roughness, and premature aging of the skin. Vata imbalances can also cause skin conditions like eczema, psoriasis, and vitiligo.


Pitta Dosha:

Pitta dosha is related to the fire element and is responsible for digestion and metabolism in the body. Pitta dosha has a significant impact on the skin's complexion, temperature, and sensitivity. When Pitta dosha is balanced, the skin has a healthy glow and is neither too dry nor too oily. But, when Pitta dosha is imbalanced, it can lead to inflammation, acne, rosacea, and other skin irritations.


Kapha Dosha:

Kapha dosha is related to water and earth elements and is responsible for stability, structure, and lubrication in the body. Kapha dosha helps keep the skin moisturized and supple. When Kapha dosha is balanced, the skin is soft, smooth, and radiant. However, when Kapha dosha is imbalanced, it can lead to excessive oiliness, congestion, and dullness of the skin. Kapha imbalances can also cause conditions like cystic acne and hyperpigmentation.


To maintain optimal skin health, it's crucial to keep all three doshas in balance. This can be achieved by following a healthy lifestyle, eating a balanced diet, staying hydrated, managing stress, and using natural Ayurvedic skincare products.

Skin Care Tips from Ayurveda


  1. Determine your skin type and use products accordingly:
    Determine your skin type

Ayurveda recognizes four skin types: Vata, Pitta, Kapha, and Sama. Vata skin is dry, thin, and prone to wrinkles and fine lines. Pitta skin is sensitive, oily, and prone to inflammation and acne. Kapha skin is thick, oily, and prone to clogged pores and acne. Sama skin is balanced and healthy, with an even complexion and minimal issues.

Knowing your skin type is essential to choose the right skincare products that work best for you. Using products that are not suitable for your skin type can lead to various skin problems like dryness, irritation, breakouts, or allergic reactions.


  1. Keep your skin hydrated:
    Keep your skin hydrated

Hydration is essential for maintaining healthy skin. Dehydrated skin can become dry, dull, and prone to premature aging. Drinking plenty of water is the most natural way to hydrate your skin. Eating water-rich fruits and vegetables like watermelon, cucumber, and oranges can also help to keep your skin hydrated. Additionally, using natural hydrating products like rose water, aloe vera, and coconut oil can also help to moisturize and nourish your skin.


  1. Incorporate Ayurvedic herbs into your skincare routine:

Ayurvedic herbs like turmeric, neem, and ashwagandha have powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that can help to improve the health of your skin. Turmeric is known for its ability to reduce inflammation and brighten the skin. Neem is a natural antibacterial and antifungal herb that helps to treat acne and prevent infections. Ashwagandha is a potent adaptogenic herb that helps to reduce stress and boost collagen production, which can help to keep your skin youthful and healthy.


  1. Practice self-care and manage stress:

Stress can have a negative impact on skin health. Stress hormones like cortisol can increase inflammation, cause breakouts, and accelerate the aging process. Practicing self-care and stress management techniques like yoga, meditation, and deep breathing exercises can help to reduce stress and promote relaxation. This can have a positive impact on your skin health by reducing inflammation and improving overall well-being.



In conclusion, Ayurveda's insights into optimal skin health are grounded in the principles of balancing the doshas, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and using natural skincare products. By following Ayurvedic skincare tips and incorporating them into your daily routine, you can achieve healthy, glowing skin that reflects your inner balance and well-being. For a holistic approach to maintaining your skin health with Ayurveda, consult an Expert Ayurveda doctor and discover  what diet, lifestlye, supplements and skincare works best for your unique skin type. Remember to take care of your skin from the inside out, and it will reward you with a lifetime of radiance and beauty.